legal sonic

legal sonic

Home - Uncategorized - Mobsters and Crooks – The Green Goods Swindle

Mobsters and Crooks – The Green Goods Swindle

Posted on January 15, 2019 in Uncategorized

In the late 1800s, the “Green Goods Swindle” was the most successful scam in America. The beauty of the scam was that the victims were trying to commit a criminal act themselves, and hardly in any position to run to the police, crying they had been swindled.

The basis of the “Green Good Swindle” was that people from around the country would be lured to New York on the premise of buying counterfeit money at a mere fraction of face value. The swindle worked like this: Men called “Writers” sent out tens of thousands of circulars throughout the country to people who had bought tickets in lotteries. The feeling was that these were the type of people who were not always honest, and could be sucked into a scheme preying on their greed. The language in these circulars was intentionally vague, and could be taken to be perfectly harmless.

A typical green goods circular sounded something like: “I am dealing it articles, paper goods – ones, twos, fives, tens, and 20s – (do you understand?). I cannot be plainer until I know your heart is true to me. Then I will satisfy you that I can furnish you with with a fine, safe, and profitable article that can be used in any manner and for all purposes, and no danger.”

The green goods writer was careful not to mention the word “counterfeit.” Sometimes to misdirect a police official who might intercept one of these circulars, the green goods writer would pen something like, “These goods are a certain brand of cigar.”

Former Confederate soldiers were also likely targets for the “Green Goods Swindle.” New York City assistant district attorney Ambrose Purdy said, “Former Confederates were so emotionally embittered and economically indebted, that they viewed green goods as a good way to hurt the government. They became an easy prey of Northern sawdust men.”

One of the top green goods operators (bosses) was James McNally. McNally directed his writers to state on their circulars, “If you have been unsuccessful in your business, I can supply you with goods which you can pay off all your debts and you can start free and clear again.”

Some operators ordered their writers to be more specific in what they were doing, Even going as far as to mention the word “counterfeit.” One such circular read:

“Dear Sir, I will confide to you through this circular a secret by which you can make a speedy fortune. I have on hand a large amount of counterfeit notes of the following denominations: $1, $2, $5, $10, and $20. I guarantee every note to be perfect, as it is examined carefully by me as soon as finished, and if not strictly perfect it is immediately destroyed. Of course, it would be perfectly foolish to send out poor work. And it would not only get my customers into trouble, but would break up my business and ruin me. So for personal safety, I am compelled to issue nothing that will not compare with the genuine. I furnish you with my goods at the following low prices, which will be found as reasonable as the nature of my business will allow:

For $1200 in my goods (Assorted) I charge $100.
For $2500 in my goods (Assorted) I charge $200
For $5000 in my goods (Assorted) I charge $350
For $10,000 in my goods (Assorted) I charge $600.”

Once the out-of -town marks arrived in New York (either New York City, or somewhere in upstate New York), they were met at the railroad station by the middlemen called “steerers.” These steerers would take the marks to the operator, or “turning point,” who was waiting in a bogus storefront, ready to complete the old switcheroo, which would leave the mark devoid of this cash, and not in a very good mood.

The scam ran like this: As soon as the mark arrived, he was shown a stack of bills that looked genuine, which of course they were. Then, after taking the mark’s money, the “turning point” would fill the mark’s suitcase (a suitcase provided by the turning point himself) with the prescribed amount of money the mark had purchased. Then a diversion would take place, and in seconds, an identical suitcase, stuffed with newspaper or just plain sand, would be substituted, with the mark being none the wiser until much later.

The steerer would then tell the mark to follow him to the nearest railroad station, where the mark would board a train to take him to his hometown. The steerer would tell the mark not to speak to anyone on the streets, until he was safely on a train and headed back home. During the train ride (or when he arrived home), the mark would realize he had been swindled, but by then, he had little recourse, since what he had intended to do – buy counterfeit money – was against the law.

Sometimes as a safety precaution, a New York policeman, or detective, was in on the deal. These crooked cops would follow the mark and the steerer, and if by chance the mark opened the suitcase and discovered no counterfeit cash, before the mark could make a scene, the policeman would hustle the mark, by force if necessary, onto the train and quickly out-of-town. Almost always, instead of being taken to jail, the mark would decide that discretion was the better part of valor, and he would reluctantly hop on the train, with his tail between his legs, cursing to himself how utterly stupid he had been.

The chief operators in the “Green Good Swindle” had as many as half the New York City Police Department in their back pockets, sometimes paying the fuzz as much as 50% of their profits. Some cops were paid to look the other way, and others were paid handsomely, to chase the marks out of New York once they had been relieved of their cash.

One of the most prolific steerers was the famous pickpocket George Appo. Appo, half Irish and half Chinese, had been in out of jail so many times for pickpocketing and other street crimes, he decided the “Green Goods Swindle” was a step up on the totem pole of criminality. This decision almost cost Appo his life.

“I worked as a steerer for over eight years and was very successful,” Appo said, in his autobiography which was never published. “Everyone I steered to the ‘turning point’ always made the operator from $300 to $1000. I received only 10% of the money, while the writer and the man, who put up the bank roll of $20,000, each received 45% of the deal. The man who put up the bankroll would have as many as 15 writers on his staff, and each of these men would bring on at least one or two victims per day.”

Because most of the marks usually carried firearms, the steerers were sometimes in danger of being, shot and sometimes killed. George Appo was once sent to Poughkeepsie, New York to “steer” two marks who were coming in from North Carolina. After he arrived in Poughkeepsie, Appo went to a hotel and met Hiram Cassel and Ira Hogshead. Both men were 6’2″ tall, and they towered over the diminutive Appo, who was 5’4″ and barely 120 pounds. Appo handed the men an envelope which introduced him as a messenger and friend of the “Old Gentleman,” with whom they had been corresponding about the sale of the green goods. Appo told the two men that the “Old Gentleman” had instructed Appo to deliver the two men to Mott Haven, where they could examine the goods.

Appo took the men to the train station, telling them “I will get you your tickets, and after you are through with your business with the ‘Old Gentleman,’ I will see you safely aboard the train to your home. While we are walking to the depot, stay 10 feet behind me and don’t talk to, or ask questions of anybody, not even me. Remember the nature of our business. Don’t board the train until you see me get on board. Take a seat near me. When the train starts, I will hand you your tickets, and have a talk with you, and give you other instructions.”

Unfortunately for Appo, Hogshead was suspicious and did not heed Appo’s orders not to speak to anyone on their way to the train station. After the three men arrived at the train station, Appo, while he was standing with Cassel, spotted Hogshead in deep conversation with an Officer Morgan. Appo approached Hogshead and asked him why he had not boarded the train. Hogshead told Appo, “I don’t care to do business. I’ve changed my mind.”

Appo, trying very hard not to lose his mark and a very profitable payday to boot, told Hogshead that he would return to hotel with them and discuss why they had had such a change of heart. When they got the hotel, Appo joined Hogshead and Cassel in their hotel room. Hogshead began drinking heavily from a flask of whiskey, and was getting more belligerent by the minute. Appo told the two men he would go by himself to Mott Haven and tell the “Old Gentlemen” that two men did not want to do business. He’d also tell the “Old Gentleman” that “goods” should be brought here to the hotel for the two men to examine. And if the two men were not satisfied that the goods were as the “Old Gentleman” said they were, Appo would then give the two men expenses to and from their home in North Carolina. So what did they have to lose?

Mr. Cassel seemed pleased with Appo’s proposal, but Hogshead kept drinking from his flask of whiskey. Then Hogshead screamed at Appo, “I tell you! I know what I’m going. I’ve changed my mind and that settles it.”

Appo knew his little scheme had reached the end of the line, so he offered his hand to Hogshead and said, “You are leaving an opportunity of your life go by unneeded. So I will bid you goodbye.”

Whereas Hogshead refused to shake Appo’s hand, Cassel was happy to do so. As Cassel and Appo were shaking hands, Hogshead pulled out a Colt revolver and shot Appo in the right temple. Appo, severely wounded, spent several weeks in the hospital with a bullet lodged close to his brain (it remained there the rest of his life). In days, Appo’s right eye became severely infected, and as a result, it had to be removed.

However, although Hogshead and Cassel were arrested for shooting Appo, Appo was also arrested for running the “Green Goods Swindle” on the two men. Since Appo was a career criminal, and despite the fact he had only one eye, Appo was convicted and sentenced to three years and two months at hard labor. And fined $250.

After Appo had been sentenced, at Hogshead’s and Cassel’s trial, Hogshead maintained he shot Appo in self-defense because, “I was afraid of him. I didn’t mean to kill him.”

Being the standup “good fella” that he always claimed to be, Appo refused to testify against Hogshead and Cassel. In fact, Appo said he had not been in Poughkeepsie perpetrating any scheme, but was in fact looking for his long-lost father, who was reportedly in a lunatic asylum somewhere along the Hudson River. Due to the lack of evidence, and Appo’s refusal to testify against them, under the direction of Judge Guernsey, Hogshead and Cassel walked out of court free men.

The innocent verdicts of Hogshead and Cassel, and incarceration of Appo, were so outlandish, the Poughkeepsie Daily Eagle wrote in their editorial, “These acquittals and the incarceration of Mr. Appo is the most wretched farce we’ve ever seen in a court of justice. Cassel and Hogshead were not simply innocent victims; but rather both were ‘morally guilty.’ One gets his eye shot out, and his life put in serious danger at the hands of the other, and he gets three years in state prison. The other, who does the shooting, goes free on the payment of a $50 fine. That may be Judge Guernsey’s idea of justice. It certainly isn’t ours.”

Probably the most famous green goods dealer of his time was James McNally. McNally, who was born Lower East Side of Manhattan, was the declared “King of the Green Goods Men.” Famed New York City detective Thomas Byrnes described McNally as being “industrious, educated, self-assured, ingenious, and gifted, with a good knowledge of human nature.”

In 1890, McNally was considered not only the top green good ‘s operator in New York City, but also of the entire entire states of America. McNally’s scams even ventured into Canada. McNally had over 35 employees working for him, and they had 800 different aliases. McNally was so prolific at his job, his “writers”printed more than 2000 circulars at a time. And they sent out more than 15,000 circulars every day.

McNally was so proud of his green goods trade, he didn’t even consider it to be against the law. “There is nothing wrong with the green goods trade,” McNally said. “It does not hurt anybody. I meet all my men face-to-face, man-to-man, and if he loses his money, he certainly ought to, because he is a bigger crook then I am.”

McNally claimed that the”Green Goods Swindle” was “built upon the common desire in human nature to get something for nothing.” McNally’s green goods scams made him a millionaire. He claimed that he once made $48,000 in one day, and $250,000 in one month.

The downfall of McNally, and the “Green Goods Swindle” in particular, started in 1893 with an investigation by the Lexow committee. The Lexow committee was an offshoot of an anti-Tammany Hall campaign started by the Rev. Charles Parkhurst of the Madison Square Presbyterian Church. The Lexow committee consisted of seven state senators, and the chairman was Republican Clarence Lexow. This committee uncovered the incestuous relationship between the green goods operators, and the New York City Police Department. The Lexow Committee concluded that police officers were little more than “criminals in uniforms.”

As a result of the Lexow investigation, more than 30 police officials were indicted. The Democratic machine of Tammany Hall Was stripped of its power, and Republican William Strong was elected mayor. One of the Strong’s first moves as mayor was to appoint Republican Theodore Roosevelt as his Police Commissioner. Roosevelt, who would later become Governor of New York and then President of the United States, went full force against corrupt policeman, and the “Green Goods Swindle” in particular. All the main green goods operators were arrested, and basically put out of business. James McNally was particularly hit hard. In late 1894, McNally claimed that he was totally broke. McNally had bought a house in Connecticut in 1893 for $30,000, but he soon lost that house because he couldn’t make the mortgage payments.

McNally moved to Chicago and tried his “Green Goods Swindle” there. However, he was soon arrested for postal violations and sentenced to four years in the Joliet state prison. By 1905, McNally was impoverished and working as a waiter in a Coney Island restaurant. In 1907, McNally was homeless and living out on the street. He was so desperate for food and a roof over his head, McNally went to the Tombs Prison and begged to be admitted as an inmate.

By 1912, the “Green Goods Swindle” basically ceased to exist in New York City. Famed lawyer Arthur Brisbane said that Police Commissioner Roosevelt, using the postal inspectors as his allies, started treating the green goods operators as “a farmer treats weeds – root them out and prevent them from coming back again.”

Roosevelt was so successful in weeding out green goods operators, by 1914 the official police instruction manual no longer mentioned the “Green Good Swindle” as one of the most common confidence games perpetrated in New York City.

sex dictionarysex diseasessex education filmsex facts for teenagerssex health tipssex medicine for malesex positions during pregnancysex power medicinesex relationshipsVibrators and Adult Toyssex pills for womensex relationshipsonline dating businessonline dating catfishonline dating eliteAdult Superstoresexuality counselingsex facts and tipssex power medicinesex relationshipssex related wordssex pills for womensex relationshipsFree Online CasinoOnline Casino Gamesthe best online casino gamesWinning Strategy GamesBest Gaming ExperiencePlay Online Casino GamesOnline CasinogamblingSlots gamblingThe Best Online CasinoPlay Online Casino GamesPlay Online CasinoPlay Online PokiesReal Money SlotsOnline Slots and CasinoPlay Online SlotsReal Money CasinosPlay Slot Machines OnlineReal CasinoJackpot Party Casino SlotsReal Casino Slots Appssex dictionarysex diseasessex education filmsex facts for teenagerssex health tipssex positions during pregnancysex power medicinesex relationshipssex related wordsVibrators and Adult Toyssex pills for womenonline dating businessonline dating catfishonline dating eliteAdult Superstoresexuality counselingsex facts and tipsonline dating servicesex good for healthsex positions during pregnancysex power medicineHome and Patio Decor CenterHome RemediesThe Best Smart Home Security SystemsHome Design IdeasHome Decorating IdeasBest Home BuildersHome Building Online CoursesHome Builder MarketingTop Living Room FlooringBest Logistics SoftwareBest Application ComparisonShipping Software SolutionsLogistics Management SoftwareLogistics Software SystemsSoftware DevelopersSystems Software DevelopersSoftware Developer EducationMost Popular Software ApplicationsTechnology ApplicationsPhone System SoftwareInformation TechnologySpy Phone Technology downloadSmartphone Spy Phone TechnologySoftware DevelopersSystems Software DevelopersSoftware EngineerSoftware Developer EducationAndroid Software ApplicationsMost Popular Software ApplicationsCell Phone Monitoring SoftwareSoftware Technology Technology ApplicationsBest Application ComparisonShipping Software SolutionsWedding IdeasVirgin on Wedding Nightfind the meaning of weddingWedding WebsitesVirgin on Wedding NightWedding Planningwedding planning tipsbusiness planOnline Services for Businessespublic relationsSmall Business TrendsTips Small BusinessBest Application ComparisonSoftware DevelopersSoftware Developer EducationAndroid Software ApplicationsMost Popular Software Applicationscheap ray ban sunglassesTravel Insurance InformationBackpacker AdviceKitchen DesignPatio Cover Installationstw girl asiachat tubeLandscape ConstructionLandscape DesignCheap HotelsTravel TipsTravel GuidesTravel InformationCheap Flight and Hotel Packages?Travel InsuranceCheap Hotels and FlightsBest RestaurantsVegetarian RestaurantsHotels And ResortsBest Hotel RestaurantTravel InformationTrip Travel InsuranceCompare Cheap HolidayTravel InsuranceFind Cheap Hotel DiscountsCheap Hotels and FlightsCheap HotelsTravel TipsTravel GuidesTravel InsuranceFind Cheap Hotel DiscountsAddiction CausesCauses of Alcohol AddictionCauses of drug addictionDrug Abuse InformationSubstance Abuse ProgramsChoosing a Addiction Rehab ProgramDrug Rehab Treatment InformationNew Drugs OnlinePersonal productSell Products OnlineMarketing ProductProduct Research AnalystProduct Research FacilitatorThe Food Products General ProductsBeauty Products Businessbeauty salon productstroke sonyNatural Health MagazineBedroom Designsinterior design ideas bedroomPremature ejaculationHealth Tonics HerbsNatural Health MagazineElectrical System Vehicle The Shop Bulk OnlinePremature ejaculationwww.777chat.infowww.777good.infowww.twshowkiss.infowww.twtalk080.infowww.twavtalk.infowww.twshowlove.infowww.twavsexy.infowww.twavroom.infowww.twavmovie.infowww.twsexy888.infowww.twsexyadult.infowww.adult506.infoThe Legal Adviserwww.twavshow.infowww.twavnice.infowww.asia222.infolawyerLegal advisorThe Lawyer Portalgood tubeDrug Abuse InformationTravel GuidesHotel and Travellegal colorlegal lesslegal markslegal wishlegal flowerlegal dollarlegal nightlegal soniclegal flaglegal widgetlegal clientlegal overlegal blasterlegal formulalegal ganglegal splashlegal messengerlegal memberlegal dishlegal requestlegal urbanlegal sustainlegal water frontlegal sparklelegal surrealfood lessfood pipefood sendfood chartsfood wishfood collectorfood econofood cupidfood fiestafood grabberfood gorillafood rulefood musclefood last minutefood matchefood kayakfood arrowfood hotrodautomotive sendautomotive marksautomotive lionautomotive requestautomotive collectionsautomotive otherautomotive excelautomotive treasureautomotive railautomotive streamingautomotive rallyautomotive crawlerautomotive hardautomotive catcherautomotive charmautomotive appealautomotive cupidhealth positivehealth lasthealth varietyhealth offlinehealth normalhealth jokerhealth millionshealth omegahealth glamourhealth guerrillahealth electrahealth urbanhealth gloryhealth precisionhealth flavorhealth intergrityhealth collectionshealth collectorhealth calculatorhealth otherhealth excelhealth sugarhealth metrichealth hardhealth opediahealth famehealth classyhealth drawhealth slidehealth vectorhealth collecthealth sweethealth legacyhome a bundanthome backhome battlehome britehome browserhome buddieshome cachehome calculatorhome catchhome catcher home charmhome chartehome chartshome chasehome circushome collectorhome companionhome dollarhome dollarshome stickhome letterhome flaghome widgethome clientFood ProductsFinancial ProductsGeneral Auctionsoperating systemsproduct activationProduct KeysProduct Key FinderHeating SystemsHome AutomationHome Automation SystemBuilding SuppliesBuilding DesignerBuilding ConsultantsBathroom AccessoriesAppliance RepairsEquipment HireExtensions & AdditionsFloor Coating ProductsFurniture RemovalGarden MaintenanceGarden DesignerInterior DesignerInterior DecoratingKitchen DesignLandscape ConstructionLandscape DesignProject ManagementLandscaping & GardeningPatio Cover InstallationsTile SuppliersHome Access ControlHome Alarm SystemsHome Intercom SystemsHome Security Card AccessPlumbing InstallationHome Entertainment SystemHome Improvement MistakesHome Improvement LeadsHome Improvement TipsHome Improvement GrantsHome Improvement StoresHome Improvement ProjectsGreen Home ImprovementsMarketing strategyMarketing ConceptAffiliate marketingSmart Affiliate Marketing StrategiesBest Affiliate Marketing NetworksWomen Lawyersbusiness shufflebusiness precisionbusiness flavorbusiness verdebusiness intergritybusiness gratisbusiness epicbusiness anchorbusiness clearancebusiness eastsidebusiness corporationbusiness featurebusiness cellarbusiness plumbusiness divinebusiness prontobusiness carnivalbusiness east baybusiness dodgebusiness prestigebusiness razorbusiness atlanticbusiness huskybusiness remarkablebusiness fighterbusiness quantumbusiness courierbusiness constructbusiness sparklebusiness rainforestbusiness falconbusiness lightningbusiness blodbusiness downtownbusiness curiousbusinessafterbusinesss alvagebusiness overnightbusiness captivebusiness amazingbusiness abundantbusiness designingbusiness blenderbusiness imaginebusiness justbusiness surrealshoppinghuskyshoppingnationsshoppingremarkableshoppingfightershoppingquantumshoppingpeachshoppingpresidentshoppingsparkleshoppingrainforestshoppinglightningshoppingdowntownshoppingravenshoppingsalvageshoppingpriorityshoppingmysticalshoppingpermanenttravellightningtravellowpricetravelmeasuretravelmillionstravelmysticaltravelnationstravelnaturetravelnobeltravelnormaltravelnorthamericantravelofflinetravelomegatravelonedaytraveloutertravelpickuptravelplatinumtravelplumtravelprecisiontravelprestigetravelprioritytravelprontotravelquantumtravelrainforesttravelraventravelremarkabletravelrhinotravelsalvagetravelscribetravelshuffletravelsleuthtravelsnapshottravelsouthbeachtravelsparkletravelsunflowertraveltopsecrettravelurbantravelyankeelegalagendalegalcupcakelegaldodgelegaleastbaylegalescrowlegalgeckolegalglorylegalguerillalegallimitedlegalmysticalInterior Designer WebInterior Designer WebInterior Designer WebInterior Designer WebInterior Designer WebInterior Designer WebInterior Designer WebInterior Designer WebInterior Designer WebInterior Designer WebPersonal productSell Products OnlineMarketing ProductProduct Research AnalystProduct Research FacilitatorThe Food Products General ProductsBeauty Products Businessbeauty product skin carebeauty salon productonline productMarketing Products to Advertiseonline shop originals ProductNew ProductsProducts Definitiongigi hadidsuper modelproduct marketingPersonal ProductsBooking ApartmentsDefinition of ApartmentSecure ApartmentDesign Apartmentsgirl room decorationfree information ApartmentAsia ApartmentGirl Makeup ProductsGirl ClothingGirl Cookieschat girlchat adultchannel asiaGirl Dress CosplayJapanese School Girl Dressapartment for girlApartment BrokersApartment Nice home theater systems floor plans blenders heaters switch fixtures lighting furniture electric fences glass kitchen carbon filters kitchen sink home improvement bed kitchen cabinets aluminum water filter houseplants personal injury health insurance bad credit loans fast cash advances cash advance loans insurance loans auto insurance loans for bad credit payday loan loans with bad credit injury lawyer personal injury lawyer personal loans online payday loan fast cash loans malpractice insurance brokerage firm injury lawyers Consulting immigration law business law accident attorney home builders car insurance consolidation loans fast cash online loan application cash advance companies payday advance instant payday loans application form apply now cash loan make money free money life insurance affordable health insurance mortgage structured settlement European Vehicle Market Vehicle Systems Electrical System Vehicle business autocar Online Drivers Car Education Online Drivers vehicle technologies electrical Auto Parts and Service technology supports autocar driver education requirements Online Programs Driver Education Auto Information Auto and parts Automobile Repair Shop Auto Parts Suppliers Auto Repair Shop Auto Body Parts Online Auto Body Parts apartments real estate luxury condos Commercial Property For Sale Commercial Real Estate Commercial property Apartments for rent apartment finder service Find Apartments for Rent Apartment Luxury Homes Real Estate Developments Mortgage Rates Best Mortgage Rates Free Online Dating Tips on Free Online Dating Psychology of Your Online Dating Partner Free Online Dating Services Free Online Dating Website Dating Site for Women Free Dating Site And Free Online Dating Making online dating sex dictionary sex diseases sex education film sex facts for teenagers sex health tips sex medicine for male sex good for health sex positions during pregnancy sex power medicine sex relationships sex related words Vibrators and Adult Toys sex pills for women sex relationships sexuality photos sexuality scale sexuality in america sexuality and society sexuality and space sexuality counseling sex facts and tips sexuality confusion online dating tips online dating scams online dating service online dating business online dating catfish online dating elite online dating guide Adult Superstore International Travel Forum World Travel and Tourism travel in the world Business Travel Insurance travel trailer rental vintage travel trailers cheap places to travel cheap travel packages how to travel for free travel destinations travel canada to us travel reviews travel system agent online travel job as travel agent job for travel agency one travel com triple a travel best travel backpack travel agent salary loves travel center Travel and Leisure Adventure Travel Airline Travel the best online casino online casino games Best Gaming Experience Play Online Casino Games Online Casino gambling best casino gambling Slots gambling Online Casino Reviews The Best Online Casino Play Online Casino Games Play Online Casino Play Online Pokies Real Money Slots Online Slots and Casino Play Online Slots Real Money Casinos